How to Check User online or not in Laravel

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Brijpal Sharma

Date:-March 07th, 2019 , Posted On:- Web Development

This is post describes how to check user online or not in Laravel without storing any token in the database. we check user online or not based on recent activity using middleware.

Some developers use a token to store in the users' table when the user login and deletes token when the user logs out but what happens when the user, not logs out but closes the tab or maybe not on PC or system.

Here use a proper method to use know user online or not we also seta time duration if the user does not do any activity duration set time. so let's start

Step:1 Create a new project

If you work on an existing project you can skip this process.

Create a new Laravel project using this command.

laravel new userOnline

Step:2 Setup database and migrate table

In the second step we setup database connection in the .env  file than migrate table using this command.

php artisan migrate

After that fill some dummy data in the user table to check users online or not in Laravel.

Step: 3 create a middleware 

Create a middleware LastUserActivity using this command.

php artisan make:middleware LastUserActivity

Add some code check user online or not 


App\Http\Middleware\LastUserActivity .php


namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;
use Auth;
use Cache;
use Carbon\Carbon;
class LastUserActivity
     * Handle an incoming request.
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Closure  $next
     * @return mixed
    public function handle($request, Closure $next)
        if(Auth::check()) {
            $expiresAt = Carbon::now()->addMinutes(1);
            Cache::put('user-is-online-' . Auth::user()->id, true, $expiresAt);
        return $next($request);


Step: 4 Add a class into Kernel

Add a class into Kernal file in middlewareGroups


full code of $middlewareGroups

protected $middlewareGroups = [
        'web' => [


        'api' => [


Step: 5 Add a function into the User Model

public function isOnline()
    return Cache::has('user-is-online-' . $this->id);

Ok, We almost are done now time to check.

Don't forget to add use Cache in User Model At the top;

use Cache;

Step: 6 Check user Online or offline in Laravel application

Use the isOnline function in view.

    user is online!!


About the author

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Brijpal Sharma

Hello, My Name is Brijpal Sharma. I am a Web Developer, Professional Blogger and Digital Marketer from India. I am the founder of Codermen. I started this blog to help web developers & bloggers by providing easy and best tutorials, articles and offers for web developers and bloggers...

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Amit Rajput
September 20th, 2019 - 5:11AM

Superb Boss and thanks to you for the very imported posts. My name is Amit Rajput I am a Php developer my experience is 2yr. I have knowledge laravel, Codeigniter.

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April 06th, 2020 - 2:08PM

Got this error Undefined variable for user

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Barry Diouma
July 14th, 2020 - 11:27AM

the user variable must be in your controller. example: $ all_user = User :: all (); now in your view make a foreach of $ all_user as $ user

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