How to Check User online or not in Laravel

This is post describes how to check user online or not in Laravel without storing any token in the database. we check user online or not based on recent activity using middleware.

Some developers use a token to store in the users' table when user login and delete token when user log out but what happens when the user, not log out but close the tab or maybe not on PC or system.

Here use a proper method use know user online or not we also seta time duration if the user does not do any activity duration set time. so let's start

Step:1 Create a new project

If you work on an existing project you can skip this process.

Create a new Laravel project using this command.

laravel new userOnline

Step:2 Setup database and migrate table

In the second step we setup database connection in the .env  file than migrate table using this command.

php artisan migrate

After that fill some dummy data in the user table to check user online or not in Laravel.

Step: 3 create a middleware 

Create a middleware LastUserActivity using this command.

php artisan make:middleware LastUserActivity

Add some code check user online or not 


App\Http\Middleware\LastUserActivity .php


namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;
use Auth;
use Cache;
use Carbon\Carbon;
class LastUserActivity
     * Handle an incoming request.
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Closure  $next
     * @return mixed
    public function handle($request, Closure $next)
        if(Auth::check()) {
            $expiresAt = Carbon::now()->addMinutes(1);
            Cache::put('user-is-online-' . Auth::user()->id, true, $expiresAt);
        return $next($request);


Step: 4 Add a class into Kernel

Add a class into Kernal file in middlewareGroups


full code of $middlewareGroups

protected $middlewareGroups = [
        'web' => [


        'api' => [


Step: 5 Add a function into the User Model

public function isOnline()
    return Cache::has('user-is-online-' . $this->id);

Ok, We almost are done now time to check.

Step: 6 Check user Online or offline in Laravel application

Use the isOnline function in view.

    user is online!!


About Author
  • user profile
    Brijpal Sharma, January 29th, 2018

    Hi, I am a web developer, I working on Laravel and CodeIgniter framework, I love to share knowledge and tutorials so I here...

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